股票代码:871946
无船承运人编号:MOC-NV06770

Freight documents commonly used in sea route shipping.


Feb 10 2021

In order to ensure the safe handover of import and export goods, only various documents need to be compiled during the entire sea route shipping process. Each document has its specific purpose, and there is an interdependent relationship between each other. They not only link the ship, port, and cargo parties together, but also distinguish their respective rights and businesses.

The following introduces some major shipping documents in accordance with actual business procedures.

1. The consignment note for sea route shipping. The consignment note, commonly known as "shipping paper", is a document filled out by the shipper in accordance with the terms of the trade contract and the letter of credit, and is used to handle the consignment of the goods to the carrier or its agent. The carrier considers the contents of the consignment note and considers the ship’s route, port of call, shipping schedule and space and other conditions, and can accept the consignment if it is deemed appropriate and there are no problems.

2. The shipping order for sea route shipping. The shipping order is a document issued to the shipper by the shipping company that has accepted the shipper’s application for shipping and ordered the captain to ship the cargo on the ship. The shipping order can be used as the basis for shipment, and it is also one of the main documents used by the shipper to declare the export goods to the customs. Therefore, the shipping order is also called the "customs order". For the shipper, the shipping order is Complete the proof of cargo consignment. As far as the shipping company or its agent is concerned, the shipping order is an instruction document that notifies the shipping party to accept the shipment of the shipment.

3. The receipt for sea route shipping. The receipt is also called the chief mate's receipt, which is the receipt of receipt of the goods by the ship and the proof that the goods have been loaded on the ship. The chief mate on board will sign the first mate's receipt after checking the date, number of packages and space indicated on the tally by the tally staff and checking with the loading list. The shipper shall exchange the on-board bill of lading from the carrier or its agent on the basis of the first mate's receipt signed by the first mate.

Because the main items of the above three documents are basically the same, the practice of some major ports in my country is to combine the consignment note, the loading note, the receipt note, the freight notice, etc. into a single note with as many as 9 copies.

4. The bill of lading for sea route shipping. The bill of lading is a document of ownership of the goods. The holder of the bill of lading can be used to pick up the goods, or to the bank to negotiate, and can also be transferred before the cargo ship arrives at the port of destination for delivery.

5. Shipment list for sea route shipping. The loading list is a summary list of the loading list prepared by the carrier according to the loading list, classifying the goods to be loaded on the whole ship according to the destination port and the nature of the goods, and arranging them in the order of voyage and port calls. The content includes the loading list number. , The name of the goods, the number of packages, the form of packaging, the gross weight, the estimated size, and the description of the requirements or precautions for the shipment of special goods.

The loading list is the main basis for the ship's chief officer to prepare the stowage plan, and it is also the business document for the on-site tally staff to tally the goods, the Hong Kong side to arrange the lighter, enter and exit the warehouse, and the carrier's knowledge of the situation.

6. The bill of lading for sea route shipping. The bill of lading is a proof that the consignee can exchange the original bill of lading or a copy of the bill of lading with a valid guarantee from the carrier or its agent, and can pick up the goods from the port's loading and unloading department.

7. Manifest for sea route shipping. The manifest is a summary list of the cargo carried on the ship according to the cargo port. It is prepared by the shipping company according to the receipt or bill of lading after the cargo has been loaded on the ship. The main content includes the detailed information of the cargo, the port of loading and unloading, the bill of lading number, the name of the ship, the name of the shipper and the consignee, the mark number, etc. This list serves as a proof that the ship carries the listed goods.

8. Cargo stowage diagram for sea route shipping. The cargo stowage plan is a cabin plan compiled according to the actual cargo loading situation. It is a reference material for the ship to carry out cargo transportation, storage and unloading, and it is also a document for tallying, arranging berths, and loading cargo in the unloading port.

咨询


推荐阅读

  • 欢迎COSCO上海总部领导莅临中山指导工作

    欢迎COSCO上海总部领导莅临中山指导工作


     4月20日,COSCO上海总部日本线经理屠立雯、 隋毅恒一行莅临中山指导工作,并与我司董事长林浩彬进行了深入交流。为后续两家企业携手共进,联合共创奠定了坚实的基础。   上海总部日本航线屠经理表示:COSCO上海总部日本线一直致力于成为全球航运的龙头企业,不断推行数字化转型、采取绿色低碳的运营方式,在全球范围内构建了完整的渠道布局和信誉体系。我们非常欣赏深圳海元国际物流有限公司的专业素养和

  • Top 5 Factors That Impact Sea Shipment Transit Time

    Top 5 Factors That Impact Sea Shipment Transit Time


    In the intricate world of international trade and logistics, the efficient movement of goods across the vast expanse of the world's oceans is paramount. Sea shipment, though cost-effective and eco-friendly, is subjec

  • China Sea Freight Rates: Navigating the Economic Tides of Global Trade

    China Sea Freight Rates: Navigating the Economic Tides of Global Trade


    China, with its economic prowess, holds a pivotal role in global trade. Its robust manufacturing sector and immense consumer market make it a trade giant. Consequently, the dynamics of sea freight rates in and out of Chi

  • Mailing Items to China: Crossing Borders with Confidence

    Mailing Items to China: Crossing Borders with Confidence


    Sending packages to China may seem like a straightforward task, but beneath the surface lies a complex web of regulations, cultural nuances, and logistical challenges. In a globalized world, understanding how to mail ite

  • China Parcel Delivery: Everything You Need to Know

    China Parcel Delivery: Everything You Need to Know


    Whether you're sending a gift to a loved one or running an e-commerce business, understanding the intricacies of China parcel delivery can make all the difference. From shipping methods to customs procedures, this gu